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Tennessee State Code Grandparents Rights PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 30 October 2007

Tennessee

 36-6-302. Grandparents' visitation rights.

                       

                       

 (a) (1) (A)  If a child is removed from the custody of the child's parents, guardian or legal custodian; and                  

 

            (B) If a child is placed in a licensed foster home, a facility operated by a licensed child care agency, or other home or facility designated or operated by the court, whether such placement is by court order, voluntary placement agreement, surrender of parental rights, or otherwise;               

                       

      (2) Then, the grandparents of such child may be granted reasonable visitation rights to the child during such child's minority by the court of competent jurisdiction upon a finding that:                 

                       

                        (A) Such visitation rights would be in the best interest of the minor child;                  

(B) The grandparents would adequately protect the child from further           abuse or intimidation by the perpetrator or any other family member;                         

(C) The grandparents were not implicated in the commission of any  alleged act against such child or of their own children that under the law in effect prior to November 1, 1989, would constitute the criminal offense of:                         

                                    (i) Aggravated rape under § 39-2-603 [repealed];                   

                       

                                    (ii) Rape under § 39-2-604 [repealed];                   

                       

                                    (iii) Aggravated sexual battery under § 39-2-606 [repealed];                         

                                    (iv) Sexual battery under § 39-2-607 [repealed];                         

                       

(v) Assault with intent to commit rape or attempt to commit rape or sexual battery under § 39-2-608 [repealed];                         

                       

                                    (vi) Crimes against nature under § 39-2-612 [repealed];                   

                       

                                    (vii) Incest under § 39-4-306 [repealed];                   

                       

                                    (viii) Begetting child on wife's sister under § 39-4-307 [repealed];                         

(ix) Use of minor of obscene purposes under § 39-6-1137 [repealed]; or                         

                       

(x) Promotion of performance including sexual conduct by minor under § 39-6-1138 [repealed]; and                         

                       

(D) The grandparents are not implicated in the commission of any alleged act against such child or of their own children that under the law in effect on or after November 1, 1989, would constitute the criminal offense of:                                                 

                                    (i) Aggravated rape under § 39-13-502;                 

                       

                                    (ii) Rape under § 39-13-503;                 

                       

                                    (iii) Aggravated sexual battery under § 39-13-504;                

                       

                                    (iv) Sexual battery under § 39-13-505;                

                       

(v) Criminal attempt for any of the offenses listed above as provided in § 39-12-101;                         

                       

                                    (vi) Incest under § 39-15-302;                 

                       

                                    (vii) Sexual exploitation of a minor under § 39-17-1003;               

                       

(viii) Aggravated sexual exploitation of a minor under § 39-17-1004; or                         

                       

(ix) Especially aggravated sexual exploitation of a minor under § 39-17-1005.                         

                       

 (b)  This section shall not apply in any case in which the child has been adopted by any person other than a stepparent or other relative of the child.                         

                       

                       

[Acts 1971, ch. 74, §§ 1, 2; 1975, ch. 330, § 1; T.C.A., §§ 36-1101, 36-1102; Acts 1985, ch. 341, § 1; 1985, ch. 478, § 22; 1995, ch. 428, § 3; T.C.A. § 36-6-301; Acts 1997, ch. 503, § 1; 2000, ch. 981, § 51.]                  

    36-6-306. Visitation rights of grandparents.

 

 (a)  Any of the following circumstances, when presented in a petition for grandparent visitation to a court of competent jurisdiction, necessitates a hearing if such grandparent visitation is opposed by the custodial parent or parents:    (1) The father or mother of an unmarried minor child is deceased;     (2) The child's father or mother are divorced, legally separated, or were never married to each other;     (3) The child's father or mother has been missing for not less than six (6) months;     (4) The court of another state has ordered grandparent visitation; or      (5) The child resided in the home of the grandparent for a period of twelve (12) months or more and was subsequently removed from the home by the parent or parents (this grandparent-grandchild relationship establishes a rebuttable presumption that denial of visitation may result in irreparable harm to the child).     (b) (1)  In considering a petition for grandparent visitation, the court shall first determine the presence of a danger of substantial harm to the child. Such finding of substantial harm may be based upon cessation of the relationship between an unmarried minor child and the child's grandparent if the court determines, upon proper proof, that:   (A) The child had such a significant existing relationship with the grandparent that loss of the relationship is likely to occasion severe emotional harm to the child;    (B) The grandparent functioned as a primary caregiver such that cessation of the relationship could interrupt provision of the daily needs of the child and thus occasion physical or emotional harm; or      (C) The child had a significant existing relationship with the grandparent and loss of the relationship presents the danger of other direct and substantial harm to the child.     (2) For purposes of this section, a grandparent shall be deemed to have a significant existing relationship with a grandchild if:     (A) The child resided with the grandparent for at least six (6) consecutive months;     (B) The grandparent was a full-time caretaker of the child for a period of not less than six (6) consecutive months; or     (C) The grandparent had frequent visitation with the child who is the subject of the suit for a period of not less than one (1) year.     (c)  Upon an initial finding of danger of substantial harm to the child, the court shall then determine whether grandparent visitation would be in the best interests of the child based upon the factors in § 36-6-307. Upon such determination, reasonable visitation may be ordered.     (d) (1)  Notwithstanding the provisions of § 36-1-121, if a relative or stepparent adopts a child, the provisions of this section apply.      (2) If a person other than a relative or a stepparent adopts a child, any visitation rights granted pursuant to this section before the adoption of the child shall automatically end upon such adoption.   [Acts 1997, ch. 503, § 2; 2000, ch. 891, § 1; 2001, ch. 440, § 1.]   36-6-307. Determination of best interests of child for grandparent visitations.    In determining the best interests of the child under § 36-6-306, the court shall consider all pertinent matters, including, but not necessarily limited to, the following:      (1) The length and quality of the prior relationship between the child and the grandparent and the role performed by the grandparent;     (2) The existing emotional ties of the child to the grandparent;     (3) The preference of the child if the child is determined to be of sufficient maturity to express a preference;      (4) The effect of hostility between the grandparent and the parent of the child manifested before the child, and the willingness of the grandparent, except in case of abuse, to encourage a close relationship between the child and the parent or parents, or guardian or guardians of the child;      (5) The good faith of the grandparent in filing the petition;      (6) If the parents are divorced or separated, the time-sharing arrangement that exists between the parents with respect to the child; and   (7) If one (1) parent is deceased or missing, the fact that the grandparents requesting visitation are the parents of the deceased or missing person. [Acts 1997, ch. 503, § 2; 2000, ch. 891, § 2.] —————————— 
 
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